Marital separation and divorce, which generally follows,-critical events that the family system is increasingly facing have created significant changes over the years, both in terms of the concrete behaviors of individuals and on that of Social values. However, such changes are not followed by a change in the social imaginary of the concept of the family, which continues to be idealized, "whose most significant traits are precisely constituted by the marital family founded on the Union Socially recognized of a man and a woman, the monogamy, the virilocal residence, a certain acknowledgment of the filiation and the transmission of the name by the man, the male authority "(Heritier, 1973, 3). The increase in separation or divorce proceedings has made frequent the investigations arranged in the Civil Forum to determine the optimum situation of the child in the case of custody to one or the other parent or about the visitation regime At the non-custodial parent. Marital separation involves two forms: "consensual" or "judicial". In the consensual separation the spouses agree on the future aspects of their relationship or the custody of their children: if their agreement does not harm the latter, the judge shall approve it. The judicial separation, since the spouses have not reached an agreement, provides for the intervention of the judge who will decide. The foster care of children is often the central point of the birth of a conflict. Children asked to be held hostage to continue to control the partner, or as a lender to have a monthly pension or granted to make the other spouse uncomfortable. All this creates further pain and suffering in children. In cases of marital separation the custody of the children and any intervention by the judge and the social workers must be done in the full interest of the children; in fact, article 155 1 ° paragraph C. C. It stipulates that: "The judge who pronounces the separation declares to which of the spouses the children are entrusted and adopts any other measure relative to the offspring with exclusive reference to the moral and material interest of it". Attention is therefore placed primarily on the interests of the offspring in order to protect it from the consequences that the process of separation creates psychologically, emotionally and socially. In the event of disputes or conflicts about the custody of children or about the visitation of the child with the non-custodial parent or in the case of psychopathological problems related to one or both parents, the instructor judge It has a necessary office technical advice in order to understand the family situation and then decide in the interest of the child.
The survey may be articulated in the following points: 1) Check whether or not there is a mental pathology in one or both parents and see if the severity of this disease can exclude or invalidate the affective suitability of the parent requesting custody, 2) Investigating the presence of deviant behaviors, 3) analyzing the experiences of both parents towards their children, 4) studying the dynamics of couples in their reflexes on children, 5) analyzing the children's experiences with parents, both positive and Negatives, 6) investigate the family constellation in its social, cultural, economic and working components.
Until a few years ago a parent's mental illness was considered obstructive to a possible foster care, based on research that showed that mental illness had a disturbing character for the child. We have highlighted the emergence of behavioural and psychopathological problems in the children of parents carrying psychiatric pathologies of relief in relation to relational inadequacy, and the transmission of a vision of the world suffered and altered. In particular the "lack of maternal care" derived from or a departure from the mother in the first months of life or from a discontinuous and suffered relationship can produce in the minor serious psychological damage. During the first period of life is indispensable the presence of a mother oblative and affective thanks to which the child can contain his aggression and in the absence of which in the future, on the contrary, can develop feelings of abandonment, instability. Often the lack of care and relational inadequacy are also present in seemingly normal families. In fact, the pathogenic families are not identifiable only in those connoted from the psychiatric or psychological point of view by a parent's psychic suffering, but in many cases in seemingly normal nuclei. Recently contributions of psychoanalytic matrix have shown that the pathogenicity of the family can be identified not so much in the disease of one of its members as in more subtle dialogic and affective messages. Clinical studies have found that "distorted" relational factors in excess and defect may have a pathogenic character. It can be said that "for the family of the psychic sufferer it seems difficult to recognize the connotations of educational inadequacy, although it should take into account the particular problematic nature of the same, having to verify accordingly the Affective and pedagogical resources that individual nuclei and individuals show over time. " Therefore, Plus 1, relying on highly trained and specialised socio-psycho-pedagogical operators, offers a series of consultancy services for families and minors, as well as a series of info-investigative activities on three fundamental macro-areas:
Analysis and study of pedagogic-parental style;
Investigative analysis of socio-economic and cultural realities;
Psychological protection of the child;
"Analysis and study of pedagogic-parental style":
Counselling to the parental couple, with and without the child;
Analysis of attitudes to parenthood;
Analysis of the pedagogical components of the individual parent;
Consulting on functional educational modalities;
Evaluation of previous pedagogical-educational activities;
"Investigative analysis of Socio-Economic and cultural reality":
Investigative investigations into family and/or individual parent economic history;
Investigative investigations work situation;
Investigative investigations into the cultural reality and the socio-demographic context of belonging;
Survey on Frequentations and analyses of the network of amical and/or parental relationships of the family and/or the single parent;
Surveys of a banking, patrimonial and economic nature in general;
"Psychological Protection of the child"
-Support, assistance and psychological counseling in each state and degree of the separation and custody of the child;
-Personalization of a consulting process, where the maturation processes and the sense of empowerment of the child will be assessed and strengthened;
-"help point" for the child, who will be able to contact the operators to communicate any psychological and/or emotional discomfort;
-"Orientation point", thanks to which the child can actively orientate his or her social role and to design a school and working future in absolute serenity, with the advice of our operators;
Counseling, psychological, INVESTIGATIVE activities, child custody