What is STALKING? Stalking, derived from the hunting language (making the post), is a phenomenon also known as "nagging Stalker syndrome", "obsessive pursuit" or even obsessional following. In Italy the definition of "harassing harassment" was given, a concept that recalls a set of intrusive and reiterated behaviours of surveillance, control, search for contact and communication, against a victim, who is harassed and/or Concerned by such attentions and unwelcome behaviors.
Most of the victims of Stalking are female, but also a percentage of male subjects, albeit in lesser amount, is subject throughout their lives to a campaign of persecution with harassing harassment. The most frequent cases concern former partners who do not accept the end of an intimate relationship and seek to re-establish a relationship, while there are far fewer cases of psychiatric competence and those involving celebrity fans. It is possible to make a classification of molesters in different typologies on the basis of the reasons for the initiation of the harassed pipelines, the type of previous relationship with the victim, the presence of psychiatric disorders and possibly of the type of Violence.
The typologies identified are those:
Of the rejected (former partner); Of the spiteful (dissatisfied customer of some service provider); Of the harasser in search of intimacy (subject with a high degree of social isolation and poor relational skills); of the inappropriate suitor (incompetence about the social rules of Courtment); of the Predator (the most dangerous, for the greatest risks of sexual nature and/or murder for the victim).
As far as the populations at risk of becoming victims of this type of persecution are concerned, the membership of the female gender, the students and generally those who are engaged in so-called Helping Sea (doctors, nurses, teachers, lawyers).
The dynamics of harassing harassment is multifaceted and complex, as are the relationships between people and it calls into question gender, professions and social roles, relational difficulties and the meaning of communications, which are not Perceived unequivocally.
This is particularly evident especially when one considers that stalking can be supplemented by a set of harassing and intrinsically illicit actions, but also by pipelines of themselves neutral, if not even pleasing, but which become "harassed" for the Non-acceptance by the recipient.
The phenomenon, even when harassment is not accompanied by threats or violence, can lead to severe consequences for the victim, of varying nature and certainly deserving of much attention.
It consists of repeated control behaviors and harassment of a designated victim. The stalking behaviors are distinguished in indirect (phone calls, sending of e-mails, stalking, stalking, destruction of objects belonging to the victim, killing of his domestic animals etc.) and direct (physical closeness in public, conducted Threatening at close range). The victim who suffers these acts feels deprived primarily of psychological freedom, as well as physical, especially if these attentions of his persecutor are obsessive, do not like and generate in her annoyance and concern. The behaviors of the stalker are born rather from lucid desires of revenge or control over the life of the victim, perhaps to recover a relationship now finished, or to alienate the victim from the attendance of a new partner, to convince her to Change certain choices. Other times they are habitual sex offenders or clumsy suitors, who do not realize that they are intrusive and inappropriate. For there to be "stalking" threats, stalking and harassment must last for a minimum period of four weeks and replicated for a minimum number of ten events. Behaviors must be aware, deliberate and repeated.
The stalkers in the manifestation of his behaviors is, generally, driven by different motivations including the most frequent are:
-the desire to approach someone from whom he is attracted obsessively,-the desire to renew a relationship with a former partner,-the conquest at any cost or the nagging attempt to begin a relationship of love,-the desire for revenge for a Presumable wronged right away, (by a former co-worker, customer or vendor, partner).
In any case, the victim is not experienced by the offender as a subject, a person known and appreciated, but becomes the object, the "means" through which to placate their impulses, and satisfy the needs of recognition and attention. To achieve its goals, the stalker puts in place a serious of annoying and harassing behavior against the intended victim:
-Unsolicited communications: Generally the attention is placed on the victim, but as appropriate, the stalker, manifests intrusive behaviors even with the family and friends of the victim. Letters, phone calls, SMS, mails, are among the most used tools.
-Unwanted contacts: The stalker tries to stalk the victim, follows her in the workplace, waits for her under the House, attends the victim's places like the bar or the gym, until trying to fit into the social network of the victim, then enter the sphere Personal with unwanted gift shipments, messages on the victim's machine, messages or writings on the walls outside the house and where it is possible to cancel services such as postal subscriptions to magazines or basic services, such as light, gas, Phone etc.
A normal behavior becomes stalkingwhen you do not accept repeated no, Wheni Stalker does not accept the rejection by the other, not accepting the lack of interest, or not accepting the end of a relationship; Empirical research finds pathological behavior insistent and reiterated after two weeks, if the victim manifested his own disinterest and the desire to be left alone. It is then, in fact, that the behaviors implemented by the stalker are no longer lived by the victim as mere manifestationsof interest to him, but begin to arouse in this discomfort, fear, anxiety and/or phobias.
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