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Posted on 16 Febbraio 2015 in Senza categoria

Minor protection

Minor protection

With the term bullying is generally indicated in the international psychological literature «The phenomenon of the prepowers perpetrated by children and young people towards their peers especially in the school field. In particular, the term bullying is intended to bring together aggressors and victims in a single category» The bullying to be defined must have three precise characteristics:


persistence over time;

Asymmetry in the report;

That is to say intentional action carried out in order to harm the victim; Repeated against a particular companion; Characterized by an imbalance of power between those who perform the action and those who undergo it. Bullying, therefore, assumes the sharing of the same context. There are several types of bullying, which are mainly divided into direct bullying and indirect bullying. Direct bullying is characterized by a direct relationship between victim and bully and in turn can be cataloged as:

Physical bullying:

The bully strikes the victim with blows, kicks or jostling, or the sexually harassing;

Verbal bullying:

The bully teases the victim, frequently telling her bad and unpleasant things or calling her with offensive, unpleasant or threatening names, saying most of the time profanity and discourtesies;

Psychological bullying:

The bully ignores or excludes the victim completely from his or her group or makes false rumors about his or her account;

Cyberbullying or electronic bullying:

The bully sends harassing messages to the victim via SMS or chat or the photographer/film at times when he does not want to be filmed and then sends his pictures to others to defamate, to threaten or annoy him. The indirect bullying is less visible than the direct one, but not less dangerous, and tends to harm the victim in his relations with other people, excluding it and isolating it by means of psychological bullying and therefore with gossip and slander on His account. Bullying does not exist only in school, but has degenerations such as hazing and is linked to all the violence that they have in common to consider the other person (the one who suffers) as an object. Unlike what you think, bullying is a phenomenon that affects both males and females, but in the two sexes is expressed in two different ways. A first distinction of bullying variables is based on the sex of the bully: male bullies are more prone to direct bullying, while females to the indirect. With regard to the age in which this phenomenon occurs, there are two different periods. The first between 12 and 14 years of age, while the second between 14 and 18, but in recent years have been found bullying even among the children of 11 and 12 years. Finally the theater places of bullying are mainly places of collection of young people, and therefore school and out of school. The primary causes of this phenomenon are to be found not only in the personality of the young bully, but also in the underlying family models, in the stereotypes imposed by the mass media, in today's society sometimes inattentive to social relations. The enormous echo that the episodes of bullying have achieved in the last year on the mass media signals the diffusion, in the public opinion, of a growing awareness of the problem. It is of paramount importance, in fact, that everyone recognizes the seriousness of the bullying and their consequences for the growth of the small victims, who have a profound suffering, and of the small prevaricators, who run the risk of Undertake paths characterised by deviancy and delinquency. The bullying, unlike vandalism and Hoolichiism, is presented as a form of antithetical violence to those against the institutions and their symbols (teachers or school structures): the latter would be outgoing, where bullying is instead introverted , a sort of psychological cannibalism within the peer group. Moreover it is to be stressed as almost always, in particular in cases of ostracism, the whole class tends to be involved in bullying, active or passive, directed towards the victims of the group, by means of consensus mechanisms, more or less conscious, not only in the fear To become new victims of bullies, or to emphasize against them, but because they often manage to express both in negative, through the designation of the victim as scapegoat, the identity culture of the group. Plus 1, thanks to a highly specialized Know-How in juvenile psychological field, it expresses advice and support to victims of bullying, and a series of investigative services for the protection of the child and for the social control of this phenomenon:

assistance, listening and counseling of the psychological discomfort present, following the perpetrated of victimological situations;

Identification of strategies for intervention on the phenomenon, promotion and dissemination of the initiative on the Territory and in the formative and playful realities;

Realization of a traveling Forum, to involve all the components that meet in the school world, from the executives to the teachers, from the boys to the parents to obtain a "positive insemination" effect of the school reality as a whole, Divulge correct information about the phenomenon and provide an instrument of knowledge of the assistance services activated by our company;

Services and advice on the protection of the child. Plus 1, it can count on a pool of operators specialized in different fields of application and with a significant experience in the field of criminal and investigative psychology, scholastic, development and education. Moreover, "Plus 1 – Management & Consulting" expresses a matured experience in juvenile psycho-juridical field for the prevention and recovery of deviance and juvenile criminality, developing services and consultancy for the protection of the child, in every context of Development and growth. Today the minor, especially during the process of adolescent maturation, is subjected to a transitional period from infancy to adulthood, strongly marked by the first symptoms of puberty and laboriously subjected to continuous emotional experiences Very intense, with constant changes in the re-ations both with the people with whom you are habitually in contact, and with the strangers. Of these changes, the teenager is aware of it, and, therefore, tends to change his attitude towards himself and to others: seeks autonomy from the family, adopts different and questionable styles of behavior but, above all, questioning Systems of representations and diagrams that have regulated up to that time the relationships of the individual with their own body, with other individuals, with activities and social institutions. It is easy to realize, therefore, to live in a society where young people are increasingly subject to events that lead them to lose themselves during their maturation path; It becomes necessary to monitor social contexts that lead the children to have de-vianti behaviors. You really have to understand what are the motivations and situations that lead to this youthful discomfort, and above all it is also necessary to offer concrete possibilities AF-until actually the boys have chance to be actors protagonists of Own social context.

"Plus 1" for these reasons, it decides to offer a series of consultancy services towards families and institutions, on the protection of the child in every context of belonging, thus operating in the educational, recreational and sports facilities and in the various Pub-blic contexts of interaction between peers.

List of services

-Management of human resources and training in educational institutions;

-Control of school absenteeism;

-Analysis and monitoring of relations with peers and possible antisocial pipelines:

Use of narcotic drugs;

Use of alcohol;

Criminal and/or deviant conduct;

Bad friendships;

-Management of prevention in educational institutions in different orders and grades;

Use of evaluation and intervention techniques in relation to the processes of learning and socializing, normal and problematic, of individuals and groups in schools and other educational institutions, and training in public and private structures;

Monitoring with advanced technology of the child in the contexts of daily life;

Communication of information useful for the prevention of discomfort and the growth of the quality of life;

Prevention and recovery of juvenile deviance;

Enhancement of personal resources-family, social and environmental;

Observation of the personality of the child, in social contexts;

Interaction with the Juvenile Justice Services (I.P.M. – C.P.A. – Community-U. S.S.M.) and with the territorial services;

Functional collaboration with juvenile judicial authorities;

Conducting psycho-diagnostic interviews with minors;

Multi-professional team programming work, implementing an efficient control of minors in the context of an intervention aimed at change, guaranteeing to each individual user an individualized project that takes into account the real resources Creating a network of relationships, with significant figures and roles, to ensure the realization of the personal pro-jet.

ascertaining, with specific techniques, of processes of interaction between subjects in development age and teachers, monitoring of development processes also for the identification and prevention of psychological-social risk, use of evaluation tools Specific for different ages, with methodologies to develop evaluation tools necessary for particular objectives. Identifying factors in the learning environment that can facilitate or hinder learning, motivation, the well-being of students and, in general, those who learn;

Coordination and interpretation of information from the application of psychological evaluation tools of various kinds, to detect the main problems related to the affective, cognitive and relational sphere that the child presents in Contexts like school, family, community.